General Information

  • Official Name: Romania.
  • Location: (Southeastern) Central Europe.
  • Time Zone: GMT + 2.
  • Area: 92,000 sq. miles (238,400 sq. km).
  • Population: 19,042,936 (2011 estimate).
  • Religion: Over 86% Christian Orthodox.
  • Currency: Romanian Leu (RON).
  • Capital: Bucharest.

More About Romania

The country is bounded on the north by Ukraine, on the east by Moldova, on the southeast by the Black Sea, on the south by Bulgaria, on the southwest by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), and on the west by Hungary. Romania is roughly oval in shape, with a maximum distance from east to west of 720 km (450 mi) and a maximum distance from north to south of 515 km (320 mi). A long chain of mountain ranges curves through northern and central Romania. The Danube River forms much of the country's southern and southwestern borders with Bulgaria and the FRY, and the Prut River divides Romania from its northeastern neighbor Moldova.

Romania has a temperate climate with four distinct seasons. Temperatures are generally cooler in the mountains, while the hottest areas in summer are the lowlands of Walachia, Moldavia, and Dobrogea. The average daily temperature range in Bucharest is -7 to 1C (19 to 34F) in January and 16 to 30C (61 to 86F) in July. Rainfall is heaviest during the months of April, May, June, September, and October. Yearly rainfall averages about 650 mm (about 25 in), ranging from about 500 mm (about 20 in) on the plains to about 1,020 mm (about 40 in) in the mountains. The climate of Dobrogea is extremely dry.

Romania is divided into 41 counties and the metropolitan area of Bucharest. Each county is administered by a county council (prefectura), managing local affairs, as well as a prefect responsible for the administration of national affairs at the county level. The "prefect" is appointed by the central government but cannot be a member of any political party.

Romania's official language is Romanian, a Romance language derived mainly from Latin. Minority languages include Hungarian, German, Turkish, Serbo-Croatian, and Romani (the language of the Roma). English and French are taught in many schools and are the most common second languages spoken in Romania.

Information references: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.